DECISIONS, DECISIONS BINARY OR MULTI-OPTION AND/OR PREFERENTIAL VOTES By Peter Emerson, Director de Borda Institute

We cannot determine a collective opinion, if those concerned do not state their individual opinions, if they vote only ‘no’.   Logically, an ‘Option X, yes-or-no? (‘remain-or-leave?)’ ballotcannot identify “the will of the people”. Furthermore, when there is no majority for any one thing, there is a majority against every single thing. In June 2016,…

Referendums in Ireland and the UK: comparisons and contrasts

Recent referendums in Ireland and the UK highlight stark differences regarding the place of the referendum as a political institution within the respective overall political systems, and also raise some questions about how a referendum outcome should be interpreted. The most obvious difference is the highly specified role of the referendum in the Irish political…

Macron to face Le Pen in French election second round

Guest post by Dr Emmanuelle Schon-Quinlivan, Lecturer in European Politics at the Department of Government, University College Cork. As predicted by all the French pollsters, Macron and Le Pen are the final two who will go head to head on 7 May to become President of France. What does this election tell us about France and…