Bye-elections Digest 2019

   Dr. Theresa Reidy, University College Cork Bye-elections are odd political events. The likelihood of a single vote having an impact on government survival is marginal, even in the relatively tight arithmetic of the current Dáil. And in some way, voters seem to know this. The four bye-elections in Cork North Central, Dublin Fingal, Dublin…

DECISIONS, DECISIONS BINARY OR MULTI-OPTION AND/OR PREFERENTIAL VOTES By Peter Emerson, Director de Borda Institute

We cannot determine a collective opinion, if those concerned do not state their individual opinions, if they vote only ‘no’.   Logically, an ‘Option X, yes-or-no? (‘remain-or-leave?)’ ballotcannot identify “the will of the people”. Furthermore, when there is no majority for any one thing, there is a majority against every single thing. In June 2016,…