So the United Kingdom has voted to leave the European Union. After much wailing and gnashing of teeth, the EU will see to remove any vestiges of the United Kingdom with as much haste as a fractious domestic separation.Well no, it’s not going to be that simple.
First, the United Kingdom does not have a written constitution like Ireland. When we make a decision we vote on a proposal to amend the constitution which has legal weight set out in both the constitution itself and supporting legislation, namely the referendum act. When we make a decision it is binding. If the powers that be don’t like it. They must ask us to vote again almost like Mrs. Doyle in Father Ted, did we really, really, really mean to vote that way and can you vote again? Ah go on, go on go on… etc. Whereas a referendum in the UK has all the legal weight of a buzzfeed poll albeit a very expensive nationally structured poll. Referendums in the UK are a sentiment exercise. The fact that they are not presented with a proposal to amend any form of a written constitution means that there will be political weight behind the resulting decision but it is only a guide. The UK constitution is more of a book of traditions and hence there is an ability to have a constitutional crisis in the UK as it means that the rule book has gone out the window due to events.
Second, and as highlighted in a House of Lords Report, devolution has thrown the cat amongst the pigeons. The report from the House of Lords European Union Committee “The Process of Withdrawing from the European Community” which was published on the 4th May 2016 argues that it would be necessary for each devolved legislature (Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) to give legislative consent to amending the founding legislation, for example the Scotland Act, to remove references to European Union Membership. This is stated on page 19 of the report:
The role of the devolved legislatures in implementing the withdrawal agreement
70. We asked Sir David whether he thought the Scottish Parliament would have to give its consent to measures extinguishing the application of EU law in Scotland. He noted that such measures would entail amendment of section 29 of the Scotland Act 1998, which binds the Scottish Parliament to act in a manner compatible with EU law, and he therefore believed that the Scottish Parliament’s consent would be required.83 He could envisage certain political advantages being drawn from not giving consent.84
71. We note that the European Communities Act is also entrenched in the devolution settlements of Wales and Northern Ireland. Though we have taken no evidence on this specific point, we have no reason to believe that the requirement for legislative consent for its repeal would not apply to all the devolved nations.
Considering the split in the vote between Remain and Leave between Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and England this could create a legally complex and politically interesting impediment to a straightforward exercise of the Article 50 procedures to leave the EU.
So if you thought it was a process of vote, negotiate and leave, then think again!
One thought on “Brexit: Now as clear as mud”
I’m not entirely certain I agree with your analysis re: the difficulties presented in each ‘region’ of the UK vis withdrawing from the EU post last week’s vote result.
In the UK, and this was a key reason for the call for the referendum and the subsequent result, is that parliament was, and shall again, be sovereign, something the sovereignty of the Irish people have not since we are told, if we disagree, democratically, with the EC/EU, we must run the vote ’til we reach their choices.
The key issue on sovereignty is, the British parliament has the power to reverse the devolution act’s which provided for such in the first instance, albeit it may occasion regional difficulties and associated additional cost to their exchequer, there again off set by the savings from being outside the EU cartel.
My suspicion, and one potential Tory leader’s statement last night highlights this is the business class in Britain/Brussels shall simply force our neighbours to re-run their decision, akin to Ireland Nice and Lisbon’s 2 facilitated by lie’s (remember please the assurance in 2009 of job’s for Ireland) and threat.
Finally, the partial exclusion of the British leader from European council talks tomorrow, despite not yet having triggered Art. 50 withdrawal so yet being members of the club to which they pay!
Fairness and equality have really not been a key aspect of European Union developments.